Tracking COVID-19’s Impact on Global Internet Performance (Updated March 30)


Ookla® is closely monitoring the impact of COVID-19 on the performance and quality of global mobile and broadband internet networks. We will share regular information based on Ookla data in this article that may assist in the understanding of this unprecedented situation.

If you are looking for information on internet or online service outages, please check Downdetector®.

Use the following links to jump ahead to:

Mobile and fixed broadband performance (Updated March 30)

The following graphs track mobile and fixed broadband performance in affected areas.

  • World at large: Global overviews
  • Asia: China (with a special look at Hubei province), India, Japan and Malaysia
  • Europe: Austria, Italy (and Lombardy), France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom
  • North America: Canada, Mexico and the United States (including King County, WA, San Francisco County, CA and Westchester County, NY)
  • Oceania: Australia
  • South America: Brazil, Chile and Ecuador

Shifts in testing volume and behavior (Updated March 30)

This section looks at changes in the number of tests taken versus a rolling 12 week average.

  • World at large: Global overviews
  • Asia: China (with a special look at Hubei province), India, Japan and Malaysia
  • Europe: Austria, Italy (and Lombardy), France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom
  • North America: Canada, Mexico and the United States
  • Oceania: Australia
  • South America: Brazil, Chile and Ecuador

Mobile and fixed broadband performance (Updated March 30)

World at large

March 23, 2020: Week over week we have started to see a degradation of speeds. More detail on specific locations is available below. For context, the world average download speed for mobile was 31.61 Mbps and 75.41 Mbps for fixed broadband in February 2020, according to the Speedtest Global Index. Historical, country-specific averages can be found on individual country pages on the Speedtest Global Index.

Asia

China, India, Japan and Malaysia

asia_fixed_performance_033020
asia_mobile_performance_033020

March 30, 2020: Mean download speed over mobile and fixed broadband continued to increase in China (including Hubei province) when comparing the week of March 23 with that of March 16. Mean download speed over fixed broadband fell slightly in Japan and more steeply in India during the period while mean download speed over mobile increased in Japan. Mean download speed over mobile decreased in India and Malaysia when comparing the week of March 23 with that of March 16. There was very little change in mean fixed broadband download speed in Malaysia during the same time period. Mean latency over fixed increased in India and Japan when comparing the week of March 23 with the week of March 16. India’s mean latency over mobile showed a sharp increase over the same period.

March 23, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband increased in China (including Hubei province) and Japan when comparing the week of March 16 to the week of March 9. Mean download speed over fixed broadband decreased in Malaysia during the same time period. Mobile download speed increased in China and Hubei province when comparing the week of March 16 to the week of March 9. Mobile download speed remained relatively flat in Japan, fell slightly in India and declined in Malaysia during the same period.

March 19, 2020: We added views for India, Japan and Malaysia and split the charts to display mobile performance separate from that on fixed broadband. In India, fixed broadband download speed increased very slightly between the weeks of March 2 and March 9 while mobile download speed remained flat. Japan’s mean download speed over fixed broadband was relatively flat when comparing the weeks of March 2 and March 9. There was a spike in download speed over fixed broadband in Japan during the week of February 24. Malaysia’s fixed broadband download speed has remained steady during the weeks of February 24, March 2 and March 9 while mobile download speed increased very slightly over the same period.

March 16, 2020: Mobile download speeds in China as a whole continued to improve between the weeks of March 2 and March 9, while mobile download speed in Hubei province during the week of March 9 was relatively flat when compared to the previous week. Mean download speed over fixed broadband increased slightly in Hubei province and at the country level.

March 13, 2020: In China we see a dip in fixed broadband performance, with a decrease in download speed and an increase in latency, both in Hubei province and at the country level starting the week of January 13, 2020. Fixed broadband performance has slowly eased back upward in the weeks since. Mobile performance dropped around the same time and while it is steadily improving in China overall, mobile download speed in Hubei continues to suffer.

Europe

Austria, Italy, France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom

europe_fixed_performance_033020
europe_mobile_performance_033020

March 30, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband showed continued declines in Italy, France, Spain and Switzerland during the week of March 23. Fixed broadband download speed increased slightly in the Netherlands and remained relatively flat in Austria, German and the U.K. during the week of March 23Mean download speed over mobile declined in Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the U.K. when comparing the week of March 23 to that of March 16. Austria and Spain saw very slight increases in mobile download speed during the week of March 23 while France and Germany saw little change week over week.

March 23, 2020: Comparing the week of March 16 to the week of March 9, mean download speed over fixed broadband decreased in France, Germany, Spain and Switzerland. Mean download speed over fixed broadband remained relatively flat in Austria, Italy and the U.K. during the same period. Mobile download speed increased in the Netherlands when comparing the week of March 16 to the week of March 9. In Austria, France, Spain and Switzerland, mobile download speed fell during the same period.

March 19, 2020: We added performance from Austria, the Netherlands and Switzerland to our data views and created separate views for mobile and fixed broadband. Mean download speed over mobile and fixed broadband in the Netherlands was similar during the weeks of March 9 and March 2. Fixed broadband speed decreased slightly in Switzerland during that period while mean download speed over mobile remained relatively unchanged. Austria had a noticeable decrease in mobile download speed between the weeks of March 9 and March 2, the lowest speed in that country since before the week of December 19, 2019. Fixed broadband download speed in Austria remained flat, week-over-week.

March 17, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband increased sharply in Germany and Spain starting the week of February 10. In Germany, mean download speed over fixed broadband decreased slightly between the weeks of March 2 and March 9. In Spain, fixed broadband download speed started a decrease the week of February 24 that continues through the week of March 9. In France, mean download speed over fixed broadband was faster in the weeks of March 2 and March 9 than during any other week during this period. On the other hand mobile download speeds have remained relatively flat in France, Germany and Spain. Latency has also only shown slight fluctuations on mobile and fixed broadband. Download speed and latency on mobile and fixed broadband in the United Kingdom remained relatively flat.

March 16, 2020: Mean download speed on both mobile and fixed broadband declined between the weeks of March 2 and March 9 in Italy overall and in Lombardy in specific. Mean latency increased on mobile and fixed broadband in Italy as a whole and on fixed broadband in Lombardy. Mean latency decreased on mobile in Lombardy.

March 13, 2020: Aside from some performance variation in Italy in December, we saw no major change to mobile or fixed broadband speeds or latency until the week of February 17 when mobile and fixed download speeds began to slow both in Lombardy and in Italy as a whole. Latency started to increase in Lombardy during the week of February 17, and mobile latency in Lombardy began to climb in the week of February 24. Latency in Italy as a whole has seen less of a change.

North America

Canada, Mexico and the United States

north_america_fixed_performance_033020
north_america_mobile_performance_033020

March 30, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband declined only slightly in Mexico and the U.S. when comparing the week of March 23 to that of March 16, while a decline in Canada’s mean download speed over fixed broadband was more evident. Mean download speed over mobile was down in the U.S. and Canada during the week of March 23, while it rose slightly in Mexico during the same period.

March 23, 2020: Comparing the week of March 16 to the week of March 9, mean download speed over mobile and fixed broadband decreased in Canada and the U.S. while both remained relatively flat in Mexico.

March 19, 2020: We have added data for Canada and Mexico and created separate charts for mobile and fixed broadband performance and for countries and counties of the U.S. Mean download speed over mobile and fixed broadband in Canada and Mexico remained relatively flat over the weeks of February 24, March 2 and March 9. Mobile latency declined in Canada between the weeks of March 2 and March 9.

March 13, 2020: Mobile and fixed broadband download speeds appear to be varying within a normal range through the week of March 2 in all areas of the United States that we analyzed.

U.S. Counties: King County, San Francisco County and Westchester County

US_counties_fixed_performance_033020
US_counties_mobile_performance_033020

March 30, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband decreased in Westchester County during the week of March 23 while holding relatively flat in King and San Francisco counties during the same period.

March 23, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband decreased in King, San Francisco and Westchester counties between the week of March 9 and March 16. Latency was up in King County and San Francisco County on both fixed and mobile. Mobile download speed dropped in San Francisco and Westchester counties while it remained relatively flat in King County.

March 16, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband decreased in San Francisco and Westchester counties between the week of March 2 and the week of March 9. The decline was sharpest in Westchester County. Mobile download speed increased in both Westchester County and San Francisco County during the same period. Mobile latency also increased in San Francisco County.

March 13, 2020: When we update this analysis next week we will be looking to see if the mean fixed broadband download speed in King County continues to drop and whether mean download speed over mobile continues to decline in San Francisco County.

Oceania

oceana_fixed_performance_033020
oceana_mobile_performance_033020

March 30, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband fell slightly in Australia during the week of March 23. Mean download speed over mobile continued to decline in Australia during the week of March 23 to the lowest performing week in Australia of 2020.

March 23, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband was mostly unchanged when comparing the week of March 16 to March 9, while mobile download speed decreased.

March 19, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband in Australia remained relatively flat during the weeks of February 24, March 2 and March 9. Mobile download speed in Australia increased during the same period while mobile latency remained flat.

South America

Brazil, Chile and Ecuador

south_america_fixed_performance_033020
south_america_mobile_performance_033020

March 30, 2020: Mean download speed over fixed broadband in Brazil, Chile and Ecuador was relatively flat during the week of March 23 with a slight increase in Ecuador and a slight decrease in Brazil. Mean download speed over mobile declined in Brazil, Chile and Ecuador during the week of March 23.

March 23, 2020: When comparing the week of March 16 to the week of March 9, mean download speed over fixed broadband declined sharply in Chile and latency was up during the same period. There was a decline in fixed broadband in Ecuador over the last week and an increase in latency. Changes in fixed broadband performance in Brazil were less remarkable than in the other two countries. Chile also saw a drop in mobile download speed while Brazil saw a slight decrease and Ecuador saw a slight increase.

Shifts in testing volume and behavior

World at large

Global_volume_033020
Global_fixed_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: Speedtest volume continued a global increase on both mobile and fixed broadband during the week of March 23 when compared to an average of the 12 weeks prior.

March 24, 2020: During the week of March 16, 90% of all Speedtest results on a global level were taken using fixed broadband, up from 88% the week prior and 85% one year ago.

March 23, 2020: We’ve seen a massive uptick in Speedtest volume in the past few weeks. When comparing each week’s volumes against the averages from the prior 12 weeks, the sharp increase during the week of March 9 was followed by an even larger increase during the week of March 16. While these increases were seen in both fixed and mobile results, fixed broadband saw the largest change by far.

Asia

asia_fixed_volume_033020
asia_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: The week of March 23 saw India coming down from a comparative spike in test volume on fixed broadband the week before. The percent change in fixed broadband test volume when compared to the average of the previous 12 weeks was relatively flat in Japan and Malaysia during the week of March 23. We continued to see an increase in percent change in mobile test volume in China as a whole, Japan, India and Malaysia during the week of March 23, while mobile test volume declined in Hubei province when compared with an average of the prior 12 weeks.

March 24, 2020: Regarding the proportion of Speedtest results over fixed broadband, in China we saw a much earlier peak of fixed broadband usage. Whereas we generally see 90-92% of weekday Speedtest results coming from fixed broadband connections, that number climbed to 93-95% on weekdays during the week of January 27 and fully 95% on weekdays during the week of February 3. During the latter part of the week of February 10, the proportion of results on fixed broadband declined to 94% and then 93% the week of February 17. By the week of March 9, the proportion of weekday Speedtest results taken over fixed broadband in China had fallen back to 91-92%.

March 23, 2020: This new view shows that Speedtest volume on fixed broadband in China is recovering downward from a peak earlier in the year. Fixed broadband test volume in Japan peaked during the week of March 9. India and Malaysia show large percent increases in fixed broadband Speedtest volume during the week of March 16. Mobile test volume saw a large percent increase in India when comparing the week of March 16 to an average of the prior 12 weeks. Mobile test volume was also up in China, Japan and Malaysia.

Europe

europe_fixed_volume_033020
europe_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: Speedtest volume over fixed broadband increased in Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the U.K. during the week of March 23, while test volume over fixed broadband fell in Austria, France and Spain. Test volume over fixed broadband remained relatively flat in Italy as a whole during the week of March 23 while increasing slightly in Lombardy. in The week of March 23 saw a higher percent change in the volume of tests over mobile in Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland while the percent change dropped slightly in Austria and more steeply in Italy, Spain and the U.K.

March 24, 2020: The proportion of Speedtest results over fixed broadband in Italy on any given day seemed to peak during the week of March 9. The pattern in Italy is that, on average, 79-81% of Speedtest results come from fixed broadband. During the week of February 24, that number increased to 81-83% with the highest proportions occurring on weekdays. The week of March 2, only one day, Wednesday, showed 81% while the rest of the days showed a fixed broadband proportion of 82-83%. During the week of March 9, the proportion of Speedtest results taken over fixed broadband on any given day climbed to 85-88%, with the highest proportions occurring Tuesday-Thursday. The week of March 16 showed a slight decline where the proportion of Speedtest results over fixed broadband was 83-85% on any given day.

March 23, 2020: Speedtest volume over fixed broadband has shown dramatic percentage increases in all countries analyzed in recent weeks when comparing each week with an average of the previous 12 weeks. Only in Italy and Lombardy has that appeared to peak. On the mobile side, Italy saw a large increase in test volume when compared to the average of the previous 12 weeks. Test volume was also up in Austria, France and Switzerland.

North America

north_america_fixed_volume_033020
north_america_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: Speedtest volume over fixed broadband again showed dramatic percentage increases in Canada, Mexico and the U.S. during the week of March 23 when compared with an average of the 12 weeks prior. We also saw increases in test volume on mobile in Canada and Mexico during the week of March 23, while mobile test volume in the U.S. declined when compared to an average of the prior 12 weeks.

March 24, 2020: The week of March 16 represented a peak in the proportion of Speedtest results over fixed broadband in the U.S. During the month of January, 90-92% of Speedtest results on any given day in the U.S. were taken over fixed broadband. In February those numbers declined to 90-91%. A dip in the proportion of Speedtest results over fixed broadband occurred during the week of March 2, when only 89-90% of tests took place over fixed broadband on a given day. That number started to climb again during the week of March 9, where 89% of Speedtest results were from fixed broadband on Monday, 90% on Tuesday, 91% on Wednesday and Thursday, 92% on Friday and Saturday, and 93% on Sunday. During the week of March 16 the proportion of fixed broadband results continued to climb, from 93% on Monday to 94% Tuesday-Saturday and 95% on Sunday.

March 23, 2020: Speedtest volume over fixed broadband showed dramatic percentage increases in Canada, Mexico and the U.S. during the week of March 16 when compared with an average of the previous 12 weeks. Mobile test volume was up significantly in Mexico and only slightly in Canada. Mobile test volume declined in the U.S. when compared to the prior average.

U.S. Counties: King County, San Francisco County and Westchester County

US_counties_fixed_volume_033020
US_counties_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: Speedtest volume over fixed broadband continued to increase during the week of March 23 in King, San Francisco and Westchester counties. We also saw increases in Speedtest volume over mobile in San Francisco and Westchester counties during the week of March 23, while mobile test volume in King County fell.

March 23, 2020: Speedtest volume over fixed broadband showed dramatic percentage increases in King, San Francisco and Westchester counties during the week of March 16 when compared with an average of the previous 12 weeks. Mobile test volume decreased in San Francisco County and Westchester County.

Oceania

oceana_fixed_volume_033020
oceana_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: Speedtest volume over mobile and fixed broadband in Australia continued dramatic increases during the week of March 23 when compared to an average of the 12 weeks prior.

March 23, 2020: Speedtest volume over mobile and fixed broadband showed dramatic percentage increases in Australia during the week of March 16 when compared with averages of the previous 12 weeks.

South America

south_america_fixed_volume_033020
south_america_mobile_volume_033020

March 30, 2020: The volume of tests over fixed broadband declined in Chile and Ecuador during the week of March 23 while increasing in Brazil during the same time period. On mobile, we saw a decline in tests in Ecuador during the week of March 23, while test volume increased in Brazil and Chile increased when compared to an average of the 12 weeks prior.

March 23, 2020: Speedtest volume over mobile and fixed broadband showed dramatic percentage increases in Chile and Ecuador during the week of March 16 when compared with averages of the previous 12 weeks. There were also increases of mobile fixed broadband tests in Brazil during the same period, though less pronounced.

We will continue to add updates to this page as we have worthwhile information to share. Check back here or look for announcements on Twitter.

Source: https://www.speedtest.net

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